Study questions link between teen pot smoking and IQ decline

Written by admin on 15/03/2019 Categories: 长沙夜网

NEW YORK – A new analysis is challenging the idea that smoking marijuana during adolescence can lead to declines in intelligence.

Instead, the new study says, pot smoking may be merely a symptom of something else that’s really responsible for a brainpower effect seen in some previous research.

READ MORE: Canadian woman caught with 50 lbs. of pot in foosball table

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    It’s not clear what that other factor is, said Joshua Isen, an author of the analysis. But an adolescent at risk for smoking pot “is probably going to show this IQ drop regardless of whether he or she is actually smoking marijuana,” said Isen, a lecturer in psychology at Loyola Marymount University in Los Angeles.

    The study was released Monday by the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. Some prior research has led to suggestions that the developing adolescent brain is particularly vulnerable to harm from marijuana.

    Studying the topic is difficult because children can’t ethically be randomly chosen to either take illicit drugs or abstain for years so that their outcomes can be compared. Scientists have to assess what people do on their own.

    For the new work, the researchers examined data that had been collected for two big U.S. studies of twins. They focused on 3,066 participants who were given a battery of intelligence tests at ages 9 to 12 – before any of them had used marijuana – and again at ages 17 to 20.

    They tracked changes in the test scores and studied whether those trajectories were worse for marijuana users than for non-users. Most tests revealed no difference between the two groups, but users did fare more poorly than abstainers in tests of vocabulary and general knowledge.

    READ MORE: Critics calling on Trudeau government to include pardons when revamping marijuana laws

    If smoking pot harmed test scores, the researchers reasoned, people who’d smoked more pot should show poorer trends than those who’d smoked less. But that’s not what the data revealed. Among users, those who’d smoked more than 30 times or used it daily for more than a six-month stretch didn’t do worse.

    The study also looked at 290 pairs of twins in which one had used marijuana and the other had not. The members of each pair had grown up together and 137 sets were identical twins so they shared the same DNA. Again, the pot users did not fare worse than their abstaining twin siblings.

    So, the researchers concluded, pot smoking itself does not appear responsible for declines in test scores. Isen noted, however, that the work says nothing about other potential harmful consequences of smoking marijuana in adolescence.

    Dr. Nora Volkow, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse, said that while the study has some limitations, it is important and deserves to be followed up with more research. She noted the government has already launched a project to follow about 10,000 children over time to assess the impact of marijuana and other drug use.

    A prominent 2012 study had indicated long-term IQ harm from pot smoking in teenagers. An author of that research said the new work does not conflict with her finding. Terrie Moffitt of Duke University said her study dealt with marijuana use that was far more serious and longer-lasting than the levels reported in the new work.

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NDG gymnastics group still in limbo after more than two years

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MONTREAL — The borough of Côte-de-Neige-NDG handed out a $9,000 grant to the Flexart gymnastics organization after it was kicked out of the Snowdon Theatre for renovations.

But it’s hardly a substitute for a practice space.

“Nothing has happened,” said parent Petra Kocur.

Flexart was a long-time tenant of the closed Snowdon Theatre until October 2013, when officials told them they had to find new digs due to safety concerns.

More than two years later, the theatre is still closed and the membership of the group is less than half of what it was, Kocur said.

Officials believe that, as the recipients of a $9,000 grant given out Monday night, the group is benefiting from city efforts.

Borough Mayor Russell Copeman said the city has tried to find a permanent home for the group in vain.

“I don’t think the issue is money, the issue is space,” he said.

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Courts to decide public access to prized fishing lake

Written by admin on 15/02/2019 Categories: 长沙夜网

NEAR MERRITT – A small lake adjacent to the Okanagan Connector is known for producing giant-sized Rainbow trout.

But for many years, public access to Corbett Lake has been blocked off by the owners of the lake’s fishing lodge.

The Nicola Valley Fish & Game Club believes the lake should be accessible to everyone.

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“He fenced off the public access and put up no trespassing signs and everybody thought that was a legal thing to do but in fact it wasn’t,” says club spokesperson Rick McGowan. “It’s a public road and you can’t close a public road without going through the highways road closure process, which has never happened.”

McGowan says they’ve got the legal documents to prove their point.

To push the issue, club members ice-fished the lake twice in the past year.

Some were charged with criminal mischief and ordered by the courts to stay 400 metres away from the water.

“We don’t look at it as civil disobedience,” says McGowan. “The crimes being committed are on the other side for the illegal blocking of public roads.”

The club claims the Douglas Lake Ranch is also wrongly blocking public access to two prime fishing lakes south of Kamloops.

McGowan says they look forward to arguing the issue in court.

“It’s private entrepreneurs wanting to lock the public out to take control of those lakes. That’s what’s going on.”

One of the owners of Corbett Lake Lodge turned down an interview request by Global Okanagan News, referring us their recent advertisement in the Merritt Herald newspaper.

It says the provincial government has determined the land around the lake is private property and the owners have the legal right to close off public access.

McGowan says people from all over the province have donated more than $100,000 to help fund the club’s legal fight, adding he’s willing to go to jail over the issue.

“We want to fight this fight to protect public spaces for all future generations.”

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B.C. wineries look for clarity in wine labelling

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BURNABY – When it comes to wine labels, John Skinner is all about seeking the truth. The owner of Penticton-based Painted Rock Estate Winery has been fighting to ensure wines produced in other countries are labeled accurately.

He, along with several small and medium wineries, doesn’t want those wines confused with British Columbia wines. 

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“If you pick up a bottle that says ‘cellared in Canada’ or ‘bottled in British Columbia’ and you don’t know that the juice came from Chile, that undermines the brand of British Columbia wines that we are trying to build on the international stage,” Skinner says.

Several wineries in B.C. say the marketing and labelling of some wines sold in our province are too similar to Vintners Quality Alliance (VQA) wines, which are made from 100 per cent B.C. grapes.

B.C. VQA certified wines must meet rigorous standards. Wines not bearing the B.C. VQA symbol and not tasted for quality may be labelled “product of British Columbia.” These wines are still made from B.C. grapes, but have not gone through the B.C. VQA certification process.

Blended wines, on the other hand, are often labelled “cellared in Canada from imported and domestic wines” or “bottled in B.C.” There is nothing to indicate the country where the grapes came from, so those same bottles often end up in the B.C. wine section of a liquor store.

Under Canadian federal law, all wine sold in Canada must contain a statement of origin on the label. However, the Canadian Food and Inspection Agency is currently allowing wineries to only say the bottle is a blend of international and domestic wines, rather than listing which countries the grapes originated from.

Wine lawyer Mark Hicken says, “From the perspective of the larger wineries that are producing those blended wines, their view is that they are compliant with the federal law because they are following what the federal agency is telling them, but the smaller wineries would like to see an actual statement of origin on the label.”

Skinner adds, “When people are producing wines and making them sound like they come from British Columbia and deceiving the consumer, the consumer has a jaundiced view of British Columbia wines and we can’t tolerate that anymore.”

Cellared in Canada wine often contains grapes bought in bulk from places like Chile, California, and Australia. Commodity wines often sell for less than $11 a bottle. About 30 per cent of the B.C. wine market is made up of this type of wine. Lesley Brown from Trialto Wine Group, a premium wine agency, says, “There’s a majority of consumers purchasing those wines [who] believe they are Canadian wines and that’s an issue.”

Skinner says, “Any other food product requires you to say where it came from – except this stuff. This is appalling.” Still, he adds, “This will be solved because the consumer will not tolerate this anymore.”

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Ready or not: multi-family recycling soon mandatory in Calgary

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CALGARY – There’s something new rolling out at apartments, townhouses and condos around Calgary.

Recycling for multi-family units must be in place by Feb. 1 according to a new city bylaw.

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    “We allowed 16 months between when the bylaw was approved from when we’re going to enforce to allow that uptake of service to multi-family complexes,” said Parnell Legg, a waste diversion specialist with the City of Calgary.

    The city suggests about 40 per cent of condo boards are already on board and more are likely waiting for the February deadline.

    BluPlanet is among dozens of private companies specializing in multi-family recycling removal. It picked up contacts for over 10,000 new homes in 2015.

    “It’s been astronomical,” said Stuart Van Berkle, operations manager for BluPlanet Recycling.  “The growth has been almost too much to handle at some points.”

    He worries many condo units are late setting up recycling contracts – and may have a difficult time finding a company able to take them on by the end of the month.

    “I think there are some buildings that are a little more behind but… we’re doing about 50 new buildings a month so that’s pretty much all we handle for now. I think some other companies are getting pretty busy as well,” said Van Berkle.

    It’s a challenge for condo boards – fitting the new cost into the budget as well as fitting the bins into their complexes.

    “I think, in most condominiums, the space is very limited. I mean, most were built to only accommodate the garbage bins,” said Marian Rodriguez, a property manager with Diversified Management Southern. The company oversees over 50 properties and she said most are prepared for the new bylaw.

    The city said there will be an education period, but $250 fines could be considered by animal and bylaw services if condo boards are not in compliance.

    It could be a big adjustment.

    “Most of our condominiums have started this recycling business around the end of December through January,” said Rodriguez. “We’re finding a lot of people are using the recycling bin as their garbage disposal.”

    Rodriguez suggested condo boards in compliance haven’t seen any big reduction in waste so far, but stresses education will be important going forward.

    If the bylaw works, the city suggests about 25 per cent of waste from multi-family homes can be diverted from landfills.

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Commute with a smile: Driver Jon offers more than your typical LRT ride

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EDMONTON – Jon Morgan has been an LRT operator for five years, but he doesn’t just offer passengers a ride from point A to point B; he entertains them as well.

“I point out interesting things about each station, some of the artwork they can find at the station,” Morgan said.

Morgan is being praised by riders for his positive attitude and wealth of knowledge. As his train moves along, he tells passengers about nearby landmarks, parks, local history and even some lesser known fun facts about the area.

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    “That’d be the original garage Edmonton Transit opened up back in the late 1970s, when Edmonton first opened its LRT system,” he said as the LRT approached Colliseum Station.

    When the train got to Commonwealth, he pointed out nearby amenities, restaurants, and, of course: “the home of your 2015 Grey Cup Champions!”

    “I love our city and I like to learn as much as I can about our city, relay it across to the people,” he said.

    Plus, his goal is to make his riders just a bit happier.

    “I just like to brighten people’s days as much as possible,” Morgan said.

    “It’s really rewarding, really rewarding. To see them have a smile on their face at the start of the day, or the end of the day. I just want to make sure they’re having a good day.”

    His approach seems to be working. Edmonton Transit has received phone calls and social media comments celebrating Morgan’s style.

    “Jon’s great,” Edmonton Transit spokesperson, Jennifer Laraway, said. “When we hear feedback that one of our operators has made their day, that’s what we like to hear.”

    WATCH: Edmonton Transit Peace Officer raps 

    Morgan is in good company. Laraway said other LRT operators try to put a personal touch on their routes as well.

    “We’ve heard of stories where they’re singing their announcements as they arrive into an LRT station, or, if it’s the holidays, wearing a Santa Claus hat, even singing jazz,” she said.

    “If you’re a transit user, you know what that means in that kind of community. It puts a smile on your face and it makes your commute that much better.”

    Kevin Hearn rides Morgan’s train everyday.

    “It’s nice,” he said. “It gives it a little bit of life when we’re riding the train, especially when he’s telling you information about places where you can shop, that sort of thing.”

    Passenger Carolynn LaJeunesse agrees Morgan’s routes brighten people’s days.

    “It kind of puts a smile on your face for the day.”

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Canadian travellers report illnesses at Cuban resorts promoted and operated by Sunwing

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TORONTO – Unsanitary washrooms, unsafe food handling practices, unrelenting stomach pains, vomiting and diarrhea: these are some of the complaints being reported about popular Canadian vacations destinations in Cuba promoted and operated by Sunwing Vacations of Toronto.

“It’s very severe, and I am struggling a week later,” said Amanda Klein of Medicine Hat, Alta., who recently returned from Cuba and says she is still experiencing stomach problems.

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UPDATE: More Canadian vacationers come forward with reports of illness on Sunwing trips

Klein, 26, spent a week with her boyfriend and two other Canadian couples at the Memories Paraiso Azul Beach Hotel in Cayo Santa Maria, Cuba between Jan. 5 and 12.

But within days of the Canadians’ arrival, Klein says five of the six guests were violently ill with vomiting and diarrhea.

Klein says the group stopped eating at the all-inclusive resort–which they booked through Sunwing Vacations–after witnessing troubling food-handling practices.

READ MORE: Sunwing under fire after Cuban resort outbreak

“Numerous staff put their hands in food, licked their hands and put their hands in the food we were supposed to eat,” she said.

She said her group became alarmed when they watched staff members clearing tables in the buffet restaurant.

“They would collect the dirty dishes from the tables, and if it looked like they weren’t used, then left them on the table,” Klein told Global News, adding many of the dishes were dirty.

In 2015, Global News reported extensively on illnesses at the resort that affected Canadian vacationers. Last week, visitors to the Memories resort and certain other Cuba resorts began reporting sickness similar to those that were documented last year.

READ MORE: Sunwing offers compensation to Canadian travellers after outbreak at Cuban resort

When Marcy Mullings of Hamilton began reading new Facebook complaints about the resort, she got worried and called Sunwing in search of answers.

But she says the tour operator denied there were any problems.

“They said you can’t believe everything you read; they said it’s a hoax, that someone is trying to tarnish Sunwing’s name,” Mullings said.

Unconvinced by the response, Mullings says she asked to speak to a supervisor and requested that she could change the vacation she booked with her family to the resort later this month. She said Sunwing refused.

Klein is among a growing number of Sunwing customers who contacted Global News to complain about becoming ill at the Memories Paraiso Azul resort. Many have posted their accounts of poor conditions and illnesses on Facebook and on GlobalNews长沙夜网.

But, Sunwing says it’s is not aware of a significant problem at the resort in Cuba.

“To date the hotel management team at Memories Paraiso Azul has advised us that they have not been made aware of any such cases,” said Jacqueline Grossman, senior director of marketing for Sunwing Vacations.

Grossman says the health and wellbeing of its customers is the company’s “primary concern.”

She acknowledged, however, that travelers have reported illnesses to Sunwing.

“In the past week our customer service department has received information from 10 clients complaining of gastro-illness during their stay at this resort over the last month,” Grossman said.

Sunwing travellers say they got sick at other resorts in Cuba in the last month, too.

Anne Cameron of Mississauga, Ont., just returned with family members from the Memories resort in Varadero, Cuba. In addition to becoming ill along with other Canadian travellers, Cameron said she was “disgusted” with conditions at the four-star resort, especially the public washrooms.

“They were clogged with feces and toilet paper to the brim. In some cases there were urine and feces on the floor,” Cameron said.

Some Sunwing customers who got ill or frustrated with conditions at the Memories Paraiso Azul resort, which Sunwing ranks 4.5 stars, complained to the company and demanded compensation.

Lorna Hoffman and her husband stayed at the resort last April.

“It was a horrible time as we were there without running water for three days, piles of dirty dishes at poolside all week and hamburgers served on toilet paper,” Hoffman said.

After paying $2,400 for the trip, Hoffman says she reluctantly agreed to $108 compensation. But nine months later, Hoffman hasn’t even received the token amount.

“We still have not received the $108 even after submitting another form a second time as asked. Still haven’t received the cheque,” she said. “Sunwing does not care about their customers at all!”

Klein says complaints about the resort can’t be ignored.

“People need to know this is a bad place,” she said. “They need to change something or close their doors.”

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Vancouver man finds out another passenger flew under his name on WestJet flight

Written by admin on 15/01/2019 Categories: 长沙夜网

A Vancouver man was shocked to find out that another passenger was able to fly under his name on a WestJet flight from Calgary to Vancouver on Sunday.

Jonathan Sutherland says when he was unable to check in to his scheduled flight at the self-serve kiosk, he talked to an agent, which is when he was informed that his plane has already left with another passenger in his place.

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“[The agent] advised me that I have already travelled from Calgary to Vancouver on an earlier flight. I advised her that was incorrect. I was standing right there,” he said.

Initially, Sutherland thought it was an administrative error, but after getting in touch with WestJet’s head office, it turned out a gate agent checked in another passenger with a similar last name to an earlier 2 p.m. flight as opposed to the 6:45 p.m. flight, which Sutherland was supposed to be on.

As a frequent flier, Sutherland says he is surprised the glitch happened because of the number of checks in place.

He says his ID always gets checked at the counter before obtaining a boarding pass.

The next check comes when he goes through security and provides his boarding pass.

Finally, both ID and boarding pass have to be checked at the gate in order to be able to board the plane.

“At that point, the gate agent is looking at your picture, they are looking at your first name, last name, making sure all of it is the same,” Sutherland said. “WestJet does an announcement to advise before boarding that if there is a problem with identification and your name does not match perfectly to your boarding pass, that it is to be addressed at that time.”

Sutherland was rebooked on another flight and said WestJet acknowledged there were gaps that allowed the other passenger to be put on the plane.

WestJet released the following statement to Global News:

WestJet sincerely apologizes to the guest for his experience this past Sunday. All guests are screened through airport security so there was no safety risk to the public. We are reviewing the incident with the agents involved.

Sutherland says WestJet told him the incident would be addressed within the company’s internal policies.

He says he hopes it’s an isolated incident.

“It’s concerning because I feel like the passenger may not have been properly vetted,” he said. “My concern is that if the individual that was sitting on the plane as me did anything or caused any concerns, it would be me who would be held accountable for it, as my name was on that reservation.”

Sutherland says he filed a report with the Calgary police about what happened.

He also wants Transport Canada to review this situation and work with the airline to fix the gaps.

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Calgary bartering exchange ‘eXmerce’ gaining popularity with businesses

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CALGARY – Companies trying to survive the slow economic times are discovering how bartering can help bring in new business, using a website that allows promotion and trade between members without cash.

Kellie Mallette runs a successful bookkeeping business and owes part of her success to bartering. She belongs to the eXmerce barter network, and regularly trades accounting and tax services for things she needs in her business, or her personal life.

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“It really does work like a bank account,” Mallette said. “We do taxes for somebody else in the club, and then out of 350 members, we can go and choose what services we want to use.”

eXmerce helps promote and trade products and services between its members without using cash. Businesses or individuals pay a fee to join and then “earn” or bank trade credits for work they exchange.

“What this means to a business, is whatever you (as a business) would normally charge out there in the cash world, that’s what you would charge in trade dollars throughout network,” eXmerce’s Nelson Liem said.  “What happens is when you bank the trade dollars in your account, it enables you to start purchasing other products and services with any one of the members that’s part of the network.”

Mallette says she barters for marketing and technology services, and even bartered to have her office painted.

Bartering is recognized by the Canada Revenue Agency as legal payment, and all transactions through eXmerce are claimed as revenue like cash.

One trade dollar is equal to one cash dollar, and anything you barter for your business can be written off as a business expense.

Allan Wirzba owns AW Painting in Calgary, and says bartering helps him network with potential clients and leads to new referrals.

He said it’s also valuable when things are slow, replacing cash customers with barter business.

“In the last three months, I have been able to request services from members here in this barter exchange,” Wirzba said. “Each one of those times no money was exchanged, and that preserves and saves my operating capital as a business–and saves money.”

While eXmerce caters to business exchanges, both Wirzba and Mallette have used their barter credits for personal or family use around the house.

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Trial underway for Regina couple accused of killing four-year-old, abusing toddler

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REGINA – The trial for a Regina couple charged in the death of a young child in their care four years ago officially began Monday.

Kevin and Tammy Goforth are facing second degree murder charges and are also accused of abusing and neglecting the victim’s younger sister.

The children were in the Goforths’ care from January to August 2012.
The trial is expected to take three weeks and will hear testimony from 16 different witnesses including investigators, child protection workers and the accused themselves.

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It was an emotional day in court, as the victim’s mother sobbed when the Crown delivered opening statements, recapping the condition of the four-year-old when she was brought to Regina General Hospital in 2012.

Prosecutor Dana Brule said evidence will show the child was only “skin and bones.”

The young girl died in hospital on August 2 and investigation led to the discovery of her two-year-old sister, who was also taken to hospital for nine days and suspected to be abused.

The Crown alleges the pair were malnourished and they intend to prove there’s evidence suggesting both children were physically restrained while in the care of the Goforths.

Defence lawyers Jeff Deagle and Noah Evanchuk told jurors that they’re likely to hear evidence that will shock them but asked the jury to not pass judgment until all evidence has been delivered.

A total of 14 people, seven women and seven men, were selected to serve on the jury. Two will be dismissed at the end of the trial to ensure there are 12 people for deliberations.

The first witness is scheduled when court resumes Tuesday morning.

The girls can’t be identified because of a court order.

Due to a publication ban Global News is no longer able to name the victims in this case.

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